Sunday, September 20, 2009


Tartarus-Prime;huge penal colony,s a planet-sized prison built to house the most dangerous criminals in the multiverse,within the Tartarus-Dimension.It is a barren, desolate world where it shatters cities is a place of suffering and punishment in the dammed.Tartarus-Dimension shown as a desolate void, and it is revealed that it was found by the Atlantean eons, created, as a prison for not only Atlantean convicts, but also criminals from the "28 known galaxies".A penal colony is a settlement used to exile prisoners and separate them from the general populace by locating them in a remote location, often an island or distant colonial territory. Although the term can be used to refer to a correctional facility located in a remote location it is more commonly used to refer to communities of prisoners overseen by wardens or governors having absolute authority. Historically penal colonies have often been used for penal labour in an economically underdeveloped part of a state's (usually colonial) territories, and on a far larger scale than a prison farm. In practice such penal colonies may be little more than slave communities.The prison regime was often harsh, sometimes including severe physical punishment, so even if prisoners were not sentenced for the rest of their natural lives, many died from hunger, disease, medical neglect, excessive labour, or during an escape attempt.

In the penal colony system, prisoners were sent far away to prevent escape and to discourage returning after their sentence expired. Penal colonies were often located in inhospitable frontier lands, where their unpaid labour could benefit the metropoles before immigration labor became available, or even after because they are much cheaper. In fact, some people (especially the poor, following a similar social logic as could see them domestically 'employed' in a poorhouse) were sentenced for trivial or dubious offenses to generate cheap labor.

The prison farm are large correctional facility where hard labor convicts are put to economical use in a 'farm' (in the wide sense of a productive unit), usually for manual labour, largely in open air, such as in agriculture, logging, quarrying, etc. Its historical equivalent on a very large scale was called a penal colony.

The agricultural goods produced by prison farms are generally used primarily to feed the prisoners themselves and other wards of the state (residents of orphanages, asylums, etc.), and secondarily, to be sold for whatever profit the state may be able to obtain.

In addition to being forced to labor directly for the government on a prison farm or in a penal colony, inmates may be forced to do farm work for private enterprises by being farmed out through the practice of convict leasing to work on private agricultural lands or related industries (fishing, lumbering, etc.). The party purchasing their labor from the government generally does so at a steep discount from the cost of free labor.

Depending on the prevailing doctrine on judicial punishment and penal harm, psychological and/or physical cruelty may be a conscious intent of prison farm labor, and not just an inevitable but unintended collateral effect.

Convicts may also be leased or enslaved for non-agricultural work, either directly to state entities, or to private industry. For example, prisoners may make license plates under contract to the state Department of Motor Vehicles, or may perform data processing for outside firms. However, these practices tend to be referred to as prison industries rather than prison farming.

prison (from Old French "prisoun"[1]) is a place in which people are physically confined and, usually, deprived of a range of personal freedoms. Other terms are penitentiary, correctional facility, and jail (or gaol), although in the United States "jail" and "prison" refer to different subtypes of correctional facility. Prisons are conventionally institutions which form part of the criminal justice system of a country, such that imprisonment or incarceration is a legal penalty that may be imposed by the state for the commission of a crime.

A criminal suspect who has been charged with or is likely to be charged with criminal offense may be held on remand in prison if he is denied or unable to meet conditions of bail, or is unable or unwilling to post bail. A criminal defendant may also be held in prison while awaiting trial or a trial verdict. If found guilty, a defendant will be convicted and may receive a custodial sentence requiring imprisonment.

As well as convicted or suspected criminals, prisons may be used for internment of those not charged with a crime. Prisons may also be used as a tool of political repression to detain political prisoners, prisoners of conscience, and "enemies of the state", particularly by authoritarian regimes. In times of war or conflict, prisoners of war may also be detained in prisons. A prison system is the organizational arrangement of the provision and operation of prisons, and depending on their nature, may invoke a corrections system. Although people have been imprisoned throughout history, they have also regularly been able to perform prison escapes.

When they manage to escape, they usually engage in random destruction, particularly easy to them since, on Earth, each has the same powers of many other Atlanteans. Nevertheless,the Sarkhon House Clan of Genisis periodically released prisoners Tartarus-Prime whose original sentences had been completed, and these fortunately tended to be relatively repentant criminals.which also has a communication function that allows him to converse with the inmates.Atlantean Parole Board meets to consider the pleas of prisoners seeking parole from Tartarus-Prime.Special metallic bracelet,often are used to keep track of inmate and tracted by the Special Android Guardian or Tartarus Sentries-huge,cyclopean eyed robor,who carry metal shock poles and visors that reveal,destructive energy weapons.

Security Levels

Maximum. A custody level in which both design/construction as well as inmate classification reflect the need to provide maximum external and internal control and supervision of inmates primarily through the use of high security parameters and extensive use of internal physical barriers and check points. Inmates accorded this status present serious escape risks or pose serious threats to themselves, to other inmates, to staff, or the orderly running of the institution. Supervision of inmates is direct and constant.

Medium. A custody level in which design/construction as well as inmate classification reflect the need to provide maximum external and internal control and supervision of inmates. Inmates accorded to this status may present an escape risk or pose a threat to other inmates, staff, or the orderly running of the institution. Supervision remains constant and direct. Through an inmate's willingness to comply with institutional rules and regulations, increased job and program opportunities exist.

Minimum. A custody level in which both the design/construction as well as inmate classification reflect the goal of returning to the inmate a greater sense of personal responsibility and autonomy while still providing for supervision and monitoring of behavior and activity. Inmates within this security level are not considered a serious risk to the safety of staff, inmates or to the public. Program participation is mandated and geared toward their potential reintegration into the community. Additional Access to the community is limited and under constant direct staff supervision.

Pre-Release. A custody level in which both design/construction as well as inmate classification reflect the goal of restoring to the inmate maximum responsibility and control of their own behavior and actions prior to their release. Direct supervision of these inmates is not required, but intermittent observation may be appropriate under certain conditions. Inmates within this level may be permitted to access the community unescorted to participate in programming to include, but not limited to, work release, educational release, etcetera.

Amongst the facilities that prisons may have are:

* A main entrance, which may be known as the 'gatelodge' or 'sally port' (stemming from old castle nomenclature)
* A chapel, mosque or other religious facility, which will often house chaplaincy offices and facilities for counselling of individuals or groups
* An 'education facility', often including a library, providing adult education or continuing education opportunities
* A gym or an exercise yard, a fenced, usually open-air-area which prisoners may use for recreational and exercise purposes
* A healthcare facility or hospital
* A segregation unit (also called a 'block' or 'isolation cell'), used to separate unruly, dangerous, or vulnerable prisoners from the general population, also sometimes used as punishment (see solitary confinement)
* A section of vulnerable prisoners (VPs), or protective custody (PC) units, used to accommodate prisoners classified as vulnerable, such as sex offenders, former police officers, informants, and those that have gotten into debt or trouble with other prisoners
* A section of safe cells, used to keep prisoners under constant visual observation, for example when considered at risk of suicide
* A visiting area, where prisoners may be allowed restricted contact with relatives, friends, lawyers, or other people
* A death row in some prisons, a section for criminals awaiting execution
* A staff accommodation area, where staff and guards live in the prison, typical of historical prisons
* A service/facilities area housing support facilities like kitchens
* Industrial or agricultural plants operated with convict labor
* A recreational area containing a TV and pool table

Tartarus-Prime and its bright counterpart, Genesis-Prime or Atlantis-Prime, were spawned by the destruction of Urgrund the world of the "" (initially implied to be the gods of classical mythology, though versions of these characters have since been revealed to still exist in the Maveric Universe). Tartarus-Prime and Genesis-Prime are locked in an eternal war, symbolizing the struggle of evil and good on a grand mythic scale. Tartarus-Prime is ruled by a fell , a dark leader who rules over his downtrodden people by force and fear. Tartarus-Prime appears to be a high tech industrial wasteland.

The Necropolis .

The Neitherworld is an underground labyrinth located on Tartarus-Primes,

Type: Mystic realm

Envrionment: Hellish

Usual means of access: Tartarus Gate-special guarded super stargate way.; the Pit of Hades (a portal in Olympus-Prime)Gehenna, gehinnam, or gehinnom,in as the Valley of Hinnom, one of the two principal valleys surrounding the Old City.Sheol (pronounced "Sheh-ole")[1], in Hebrew שאול (Sh'ol), is the "abode of the dead", the "underworld", or "pit"
teaches that there are five (sometimes six) realms of rebirth, which can then be further subdivided into degrees of agony or pleasure. Of these realms, the hell realms, or Naraka, is the lowest realm of rebirth. Of the hell realms, the worst is Avīci or "endless suffering". The Buddha's disciple, Devadatta, who tried to kill the Buddha on three occasions, as well as create a schism in the monastic order, is said to have been reborn in the Avici Hell.
a person faced judgment by a tribunal of forty-two divine judges. If they led a life in conformance with the precepts of the Goddess Maat, who represented truth and right living, the person was welcomed into the kingdom of Osiris

Each Court deals with a different aspect of atonement. For example, murder is punished in one Court, adultery in another. According to some Chinese legends, there are eighteen levels in Hell. Punishment also varies according to belief, but most legends speak of highly imaginative chambers where wrong-doers are sawn in half, beheaded, thrown into pits of filth or forced to climb trees adorned with sharp blades.

However, like all realms of rebirth, rebirth in the Hell realms is not permanent, though suffering can persist for eons before being reborn again. In the Lotus Sutra, the Buddha teaches that eventually even Devadatta will become a Buddha himself, emphasizing the temporary nature of the Hell realms. Thus, Buddhism teaches to escape the endless migration of rebirths (both positive and negative) through the attainment of Nirvana.
Diyu is a maze of underground levels and chambers where souls are taken to atone for their earthly sins.
Dominant Life Form: Gods
Abaddon (Hebrew: אֲבַדּוֹן‎, 'Ǎḇaddōn, Greek: Apollyon, Latin: Exterminans, Coptic: Abbaton, meaning "A place of destruction"European

The hells of Europe include Breton Mythology's “Anaon”, Celtic Mythology's “Uffern”, Slavic mythology's "Peklo", the hell of Lapps Mythology and Ugarian Mythology's “Manala” that leads to annihilation. The hells in the Middle East include Sumerian Mythology's “Aralu”; the hells of Canaanite Mythology, Hittite Mythology and Mithraism; the weighing of the heart in Egyptian Mythology can lead to annihilation. The hells of Asia include Bagobo Mythology's “Gimokodan” and Ancient Indian Mythology's “Kalichi". African hells include Haida Mythology's “Hetgwauge” and the hell of Swahili Mythology. The hells of the Americas include Aztec Mythology's “Mictlan”, Inuit mythology's “Adlivun” and Yanomamo Mythology's “Shobari Waka”. The Oceanic hells include Samoan Mythology's “O le nu'u-o-nonoa” and the hells of Bangka Mythology and Caroline Islands Mythology.


Tartarus-Prime and its bright counterpart, Genesis-Prime or Atlantis-Prime, were spawned by the destruction of Urgrund the world of the "" (initially implied to be the gods of classical mythology, though versions of these characters have since been revealed to still exist in the Maveric Universe). Tartarus-Prime and Genesis-Prime are locked in an eternal war, symbolizing the struggle of evil and good on a grand mythic scale. Tartarus-Prime is ruled by a fell , a dark leader who rules over his downtrodden people by force and fear. Tartarus-Prime appears to be a high tech industrial wasteland.Necropolis

The Necropolis is an underground labyrinth located on Tartarus-Primes,

Significant Inhabitants: Arges, Argus, Cerberus, Charon, Crusher, the Danaides, Harpies, Ixion, Minos, Persephone, Pluto, Rhadamanthys, Sarpedon, Sisyphus, Tantalus, Thanatos, Tityus, Typhon, Yellow-Crested Titans

Significant Locations: Elysium (home of the honored dead, also called the Elysian Fields or Isles of the Blessed), Erebus (shore of the Styx where the spirits of the dead wait to cross over), Hades (domain of Pluto)

History: (Greek-Roman Myth) - Tartarus is the underworld to which the spirits of the dead, particularly those who worshipped the Olympian Gods, were escorted by the god of death known as Thanatos. Upon arrival in Erebus, the ferryman Charon carried the dead across the Styx. Guarded by Cerberus as they entered into Hades, they were judged over by Minos, Sarpedon and Rhadamanthys who judged over the dead as to whether they were good or evil in life. Those who gained the favor of the gods were allowed to spend the afterlife in the region of Elysium while those judged evil were imprisoned in Tartarus for punishment. After being judged, the spirits of the dead were required to drink from Lethe, a spring that made them forget their lives on Earth.

In myth, Tartarus was the dark region of the earth as well as the personification of it. It was said to be as far below Earth as Olympus was far above it; an anvil would fall for nine days to reach it. Surrounded by a bronze fence with iron gates, it was supposed to be the prison of Cronus and the Titans as well as the Giants who had warred with the gods (some myths claim Cronus was never imprisoned here and actually hid on Earth in exile). They were guarded here by the Hecatocheiroi (also called the Centimanes). The vague figure who lent his name to this place is said to have spawned from Chaos along with Gaea (earth) and Eros (love). By Gaea, he was father of Typhon Typhon and Echidna (later myths called Typhon�s sister Delphyne and made Echidna a granddaughter of the Gorgon, Medusa).

Sidebar: in the comics, Pluto (Hades) is almost always treated as an evil character because of his association with the dead and the underworld, however, in the myths, his character is not quite a malevolent figure and is often described as grim, somber and distant as well as a jealous, extremely patient and thrifty god who loathed change. �Hercules: The Legendary Journeys� so far has given the most faithful portrayal of him as according to the true personality of the character from the myths.

The Danaides were the fifty daughters of King Danaus of 15th Century B.C. Libya who killed their husbands on their wedding night. The only one who did not comply was Hypermnestra; she and her husband, Lynceus, became ancestors of Perseus and Hercules. After death, they were given the arduous task of drawing water for the dead with leaking pails. They have not been seen in the Marvel Universe.

-�Greek/Roman Myth


Ixion was the ancestor of the Centaurs of Earth. He ruled parts of Thessaly in the late 14th Century B.C. He had married Dia, a Thracian princess, but had neglected to pay the required bride price to her father, King Eioneus who then stole Ixion�s mares as revenge. Feigning a sign of peace, Ixion welcomed Eioneus to his homeland but only to murder him. Dia, who had mothered the demi-god Peirithous by Zeus, requested that Zeus purify her husband of the murder. Once Ixion realized that Zeus had seduced his wife, he demanded Zeus� wife Hera in return. Zeus instead sent the cloud-goddess Nephele to bed with Ixion and she conceived him, Centaurus, ancestor of the centaurs of Earth. After death, Ixion was bound to a flailing wheel for eternity.

Sisyphus was the son of Thessalian King Aeolus. He received the throne of Corinth from Medea and became known for his cunning by proving that Autolycus, son of Hermes, was stealing his cattle by marking the hooves of his cattle. He also seduced Autolycus� teenage daughter, Anticleia, and became the biological father of Odysseus. He also had several sons by Merope, a minor goddess who was one of the Pleiades. He hated his brother, Salmoneus, who controlled a rival area of land and consulted the oracle of Delphi on how to kill him. The oracle told him to seduce Salmoneus� daughter, Tyro, but upon hearing his sons by her would dethrone him, he killed them both. Zeus would have punished him for that but Sisyphus had long secretly covered for him when the river-god Asopus came looking for his daughter Aegina whom Zeus had abducted. Sisyphus, however, soon turned informant and revealed to the river-god that Zeus had spirited away his daughter in return for a fountain of spring water from Asopus. Zeus ordered that Sisyphus be confined to Tartarus and as Thanatos came to claim him, Sisyphus distracted the god of death by asking why Hermes had not arrived to take him. As Thanatos searched for a reply, Sisyphus imprisoned him. The result caused an imbalance between life and death and Hermes had to free Thanatos by appealing to Sisyphus. Unable to escape death a second time, Sisyphus told his wife not to bury him with any of the mandatory funeral rites. The results embarrassed Pluto, god of the dead, as Sisyphus panhandled on the edge of the river Styx to the dead crossing over for the money to pay Charon for passage. Persephone, upset by his appearance, ordered him returned to earth. He haunted earth for a while as the ghost, Taraxhippos (scarer of horses), but now for a third time, Zeus sent him to earth under enforced guard. Pluto consigned him to roll a boulder forever up a hill to keep him busy from any more schemes.

(Incredible Hercules#131) - Sisyphus' rock was destroyed during the fight between Hercules and his mortal shade, but a new rock appeared only seconds later.

-�Greek/Roman Myth,


Tantalus was the son of Zeus and Plute, his half-sister. Ruling parts of Lydia in the 14th Century BC, the gods granted him extra-ordinary favor by inviting him to dine with them on Olympus and he returned the favor by allowing them to dine with him on earth. Zeus confided in him certain secrets about the gods, but Tantalus shared those secrets to mortals and stole nectar and ambrosia for himself. Sensing the gods of Olympus were not so infallible, he slew Pelops, his son and heir, and served him to the gods in a feast. They saw through the treachery at once and restored Pelops to life missing a shoulder bone which they could not locate. (It was reputed that Demeter grieving her daughter consigned to the underworld had distractingly consumed it.) For his horrible crimes, the gods imprisoned Tantalus to the underworld above water he could reach to quench his thirst and too far below fruit to stave off his hunger.

-�Greek/Roman Myth,


Thanatos (Roman name, Orcus; Latin Name, Februus) was the god of death and vizier of Pluto. Brother of Charon and Hypnos, the god of sleep, it is his task to escort the spirits of the dead to the underworld. Hercules once wrestled him to keep him from claiming the soul of Queen Alcestis of Pherae, a friend of the god Apollo. He was captured and ransomed to the gods by King Sisyphus of Corinth. In the modern era, Thanatos apparently became the father of Ataros, one of the Gods for the 80's.

-�Greek/Roman Myth,


Tityus was the son of Zeus and Elare, an Orchomenan princess. He was hidden on Earth and raised by Gaea in whose presence he grew to enormous stature. His daughter Europa gave birth to the Argonaut Euphemus, a son of Poseidon. The goddess Hera reputedly encouraged him to rape the goddess Leto as she was traveling to Delphi. Slain by Apollo and Artemis for the insult to their mother, he was after death stretched over nine acres in the underworld as two vultures fed upon his liver, which regenerated back after each new cycle of the moon.

-�Greek/Roman Myth,

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This article is about the deity and the place in Greek mythology. For other uses, see Tartarus (disambiguation).

In classic mythology, below Heaven, Earth, and Pontus is Tartarus, or Tartaros (Greek Τάρταρος, deep place). It is a deep, gloomy place, a pit, or an abyss used as a dungeon of torment and suffering that resides beneath the underworld. In the Gorgias, Plato (c. 400 BC) wrote that souls were judged after death and those who received punishment were sent to Tartarus. As a place of punishment, it can be considered a hell. The classic Hades, on the other hand, is more similar to Old Testament Sheol.

Like other primal entities (such as the earth and time), Tartarus is also a primordial force or deity.

* 1 Tartarus in Greek mythology
* 2 Tartarus in Roman mythology
* 3 New Testament
* 4 Debated biblical sources
* 5 See also
* 6 Notes and references

[edit] Tartarus in Greek mythology
Greek underworld

* Aeacus
* Cerberus
* Charon
* Hades

* Minos
* Persephone
* Rhadamanthus


* Acheron
* Asphodel
* Cocytus
* Elysion

* Erebus
* Lethe
* Phlegethon
* Styx
* Tartarus

Famous Inmates

* Ixion
* Sisyphus

* Tantalus
* The Titans

In Greek mythology, Tartarus is both a deity and a place in the underworld even lower than Hades. In ancient Orphic sources and in the mystery schools Tartarus is also the unbounded first-existing entity from which the Light and the cosmos are born.

In Hesiod's Theogony, c. 700 BC, the deity Tartarus was the third force to manifest in the yawning void of Chaos.

As for the place, the Greek poet Hesiod asserts that a bronze anvil falling from heaven would fall 9 days before it reached the Earth. The anvil would take nine more days to fall from Earth to Tartarus. In The Iliad (c. 700), Zeus asserts that Tartarus is "as far beneath Hades as heaven is high above the earth." As a place so far from the sun and so deep in the earth, Tartarus is hemmed in by three layers of night. It is a dank and wretched pit engulfed in murky gloom. It is one of the primordial objects that sprung from Chaos (along with Gaia (Earth) and Eros (Love)).

While, according to Greek mythology, The Realm of Hades is the place of the dead, Tartarus also has a number of inhabitants. When Cronus, the ruling Titan, came to power he imprisoned the Cyclopes in Tartarus. Some myths also say he imprisoned the three Hecatonchires (giants with fifty heads and one hundred arms). Zeus released them, and defeated Kampe, to aid in his conflict with the Titan giants. The gods of Olympus eventually defeated the Titans. Many, but not all of the Titans, were cast into Tartarus. Epimetheus, Metis, and Prometheus are some Titans who were not banished to Tartarus. Cronus was imprisoned in Tartarus. In Tartarus, the Hecatonchires guarded prisoners. Later, when Zeus overcame the monster Typhon, the offspring of Tartarus and Gaia, he threw the monster into the same pit.
Persephone supervising Sisyphus in the Underworld, Attic black-figure amphora, ca. 530 BC.

Originally, Tartarus was used only to confine dangers to the gods of Olympus. In later mythologies, Tartarus became the place where the punishment fits the crime. For example Sisyphus, who was punished for telling the father of Aegina, a young woman kidnapped by Zeus for one of his sexual gratifications, where she was and who had initially taken her. Zeus considered this an ultimate betrayal and saw to it that Sisyphus was forced to roll a large boulder up a mountainside, which, when he reached the crest, rolled back down, repeatedly.

Also found there was Ixion, one of the mortals invited to dine with the gods. Ixion began to lust after Zeus' wife, Hera, and began to caress her under the table, but soon ceased at Zeus' warning. Later that night, having given Ixion a place to sleep, Zeus felt the need to test the guest's tolerance and willpower. Constructing a cloud-woman to mirror Hera in appearance, Zeus sent her, known as Nephele, to Ixion's bed. He promptly slept with and impregnated the false Hera. As his punishment, he was banished to Tartarus to forever roll strapped to a wheel of flames, which represented his burning lust.

Tantalus who was also graciously invited to dine with the gods, felt he should repay them for their kindness and hospitality, but in his pride, decided to see if he could deceive the gods. Tantalus murdered and roasted his son Pelops as a feast for the gods. Demeter, one of the goddesses who preferred to walk with the mortals, graciously accepted the food, but was immediately repulsed when she bit into the left shoulder. The gods all became violently ill and immediately left for Mt. Olympus. As his punishment for such a heinous act, Tantalus was chained to a rock in the middle of a river in Tartarus with a berry bush hanging just out of reach above his head. Cursed with unquenchable thirst and unending hunger, Tantalus constantly tried to reach the water or food, but each time, the water and berries would recede out of his reach for eternity. It is from Tantalus's name and torment that we derive the English word "tantalise".

According to Plato (c. 400), Rhadamanthus, Aeacus and Minos were the judges of the dead and chose who went to Tartarus. Rhadamanthus judged Asian souls; Aeacus judged European souls and Minos was the deciding vote and judge of the Greek.

Plato also proposes the concept that sinners were cast under the ground to be punished in accordance with their sins in the Myth of Er. Cronus (the ruler of the Titans) was thrown down into the pits of Tartarus by his children.

There was a number of entrances to Tartarus in Greek mythology.One was in Aornum[1].
[edit] Tartarus in Roman mythology

In Roman mythology, Tartarus is the place where sinners are sent. Virgil describes it in the Aeneid as a gigantic place, surrounded by the flaming river Phlegethon and triple walls to prevent sinners from escaping from it. It is guarded by a hydra with fifty black gaping jaws, which sits at a screeching gate protected by columns of solid adamantine, a substance akin to diamond - so hard that nothing will cut through it. Inside, there is a castle with wide walls, and a tall iron turret. Tisiphone, one of the Erinyes who represents revenge, stands guard sleepless at the top of this turret lashing a whip. There is a pit inside which is said to extend down into the earth twice as far as the distance from the lands of the living to Olympus. At the bottom of this pit lie the Titans, the twin sons of Aloeus and many other sinners. Still more sinners are contained inside Tartarus, with punishments similar to those of Greek myth.
[edit] New Testament

The term "Tartarus" is found only once in the Bible, at 2 Peter 2:4: "God did not hold back from punishing the angels that sinned, but, by throwing them into Tartarus, delivered them into pits of dense darkness to be reserved for judgment." It would seem to be a synonym of the "Abyss". In Luke 8:31, the Legion of demons begs Jesus not to send them to the Abyss. "The Beast" of Revelation, will come up out of the Abyss (Revelation 11:7; 17:8). Satan will be thrown into the Abyss for 1000 years (Revelation 20:3).

The term "Hades" appears in the religious texts of New Testament times as a translation of the Old Testament Sheol.

In most English Bibles, the word Tartarus is simply translated as Hell, even though early Christian writers usually used the term Gehenna, the Hinnom Valley, to mean hell. In some sense, this dark place matches the term's traditional meaning, a dark pit in which the Supreme God has cast his spirit enemies. However, it is separate from the Lake of Fire, which is the place of eternal fiery punishment that most people think of when they think of "Hell". This is evidenced in Revelation 20, where Satan is released from the Abyss (v. 3) and later thrown in the "Lake of Burning Sulfur" (v. 10), where he will be "tormented day and night forever and ever".
[edit] Debated biblical sources

The Book of Enoch, chapter XX, verse 2 specifically states that Tartarus is the place in which the angels who cohabited with women in Genesis 6 are to be reserved for judgment.[2]
[edit] See also

* Greek mythology in popular culture
* Hades
* Gehenna
* Sheol
* The tartaruchi of the non-canonical Apocalypse of Paul.
* The Portuguese word tartaruga ("turtle" or "tortoise") is a cognate.

[edit] Notes and references

1. ^ The Greek Myths (Volume 1) by Robert Graves, 1990),page 112: "... He used the passage which opens at Aornum in Thesprotis and, on his arrival, not only charmed the ferryman Charon..."
2. ^

* Hesiod, Theogony; Homer, Odyssey, XI, 576 ff; Virgil, Aeneid, VI, 539-627.

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Buddhism (Naraka) · Chinese mythology (Diyu) · Persian mythology (Duzakh) · Christianity (Limbo · Hell) · Ancient Egyptian religion (Duat) · Germanic and Norse paganism (Hel · Niflheim) · Greek mythology (Hades · Tartarus) · Hinduism (Naraka) · Islam (Jahannam) · Jainism (Naraka) · Judaism (Gehennom · Sheol) · Shinto (Yomi)
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